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dc.contributor.authorHansell, Narelle K
dc.contributor.authorHalford, Graeme S
dc.contributor.authorAndrews, Glenda
dc.contributor.authorShum, David HK
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Sarah E
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Gail
dc.contributor.authorFranic, Sanja
dc.contributor.authorChristoforou, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorZietsch, Brendan
dc.contributor.authorPainter, Jodie
dc.contributor.authorMedland, Sarah E
dc.contributor.authorEhli, Erik A
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Gareth E
dc.contributor.authorSteen, Vidar M
dc.contributor.authorLundervold, Astri J
dc.contributor.authorReinvang, Ivar
dc.contributor.authorMontgomery, Grant W
dc.contributor.authorEspeseth, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorPol, Hilleke E Hulshoff
dc.contributor.authorStarr, John M
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Nicholas G
dc.contributor.authorLe Hellard, Stephanie
dc.contributor.authorBoomsma, Dorret I
dc.contributor.authorDeary, Ian J
dc.contributor.authorWright, Margaret J
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T12:36:50Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T12:36:50Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0123886
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/101141
dc.description.abstractRelational complexity (RC) is a metric reflecting capacity limitation in relational processing. It plays a crucial role in higher cognitive processes and is an endophenotype for several disorders. However, the genetic underpinnings of complex relational processing have not been investigated. Using the classical twin model, we estimated the heritability of RC and genetic overlap with intelligence (IQ), reasoning, and working memory in a twin and sibling sample aged 15-29 years (N = 787). Further, in an exploratory search for genetic loci contributing to RC, we examined associated genetic markers and genes in our Discovery sample and selected loci for replication in four independent samples (ALSPAC, LBC1936, NTR, NCNG), followed by meta-analysis (N>6500) at the single marker level. Twin modelling showed RC is highly heritable (67%), has considerable genetic overlap with IQ (59%), and is a major component of genetic covariation between reasoning and working memory (72%). At the molecular level, we found preliminary support for four single-marker loci (one in the gene DGKB), and at a gene-based level for the NPS gene, having influence on cognition. These results indicate that genetic sources influencing relational processing are a key component of the genetic architecture of broader cognitive abilities. Further, they suggest a genetic cascade, whereby genetic factors influencing capacity limitation in relational processing have a flow-on effect to more complex cognitive traits, including reasoning and working memory, and ultimately, IQ.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciences
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrome0123886-1
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoe0123886-19
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPLoS One
dc.relation.ispartofvolume10
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode170299
dc.titleGenetic basis of a cognitive complexity metric
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyright© 2015 Hansell et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorShum, David
gro.griffith.authorAndrews, Glenda
gro.griffith.authorHalford, Graeme S.


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