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dc.contributor.authorErpenbeck, Dirk
dc.contributor.authorEkins, Merrick
dc.contributor.authorEnghuber, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorHooper, John NA
dc.contributor.authorLehnert, Helmut
dc.contributor.authorPoliseno, Angelo
dc.contributor.authorSchuster, Astrid
dc.contributor.authorSetiawan, Edwin
dc.contributor.authorDe Voogd, Nicole J
dc.contributor.authorWoerheide, Gert
dc.contributor.authorVan Soest, Rob WM
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-19T01:30:32Z
dc.date.available2018-09-19T01:30:32Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn0025-3154
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0025315415000521
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/101339
dc.description.abstractSponge species are infamously difficult to identify for non-experts due to their high morphological plasticity and the paucity of informative morphological characters. The use of molecular techniques certainly helps with species identification, but unfortunately it requires prior reference sequences. Holotypes constitute the best reference material for species identification, however their usage in molecular systematics and taxonomy is scarce and frequently not even attempted, mostly due to their antiquity and preservation history. Here we provide case studies in which we demonstrate the importance of using holotype material to answer phylogenetic and taxonomic questions. We also demonstrate the possibility of sequencing DNA fragments out of century-old holotypes. Furthermore we propose the deposition of DNA sequences in conjunction with new species descriptions.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom305
dc.relation.ispartofpageto311
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofvolume96
dc.subject.fieldofresearchZoology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPlant Biology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchZoology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060899
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0602
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0607
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0608
dc.titleNothing in (sponge) biology makes sense – except when based on holotypes
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorHooper, John N.
gro.griffith.authorEkins, Merrick


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