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dc.contributor.authorKlein, Carissa J
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Christopher J
dc.contributor.authorHalpern, Benjamin S
dc.contributor.authorSegan, Daniel B
dc.contributor.authorMcGowan, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorBeger, Maria
dc.contributor.authorWatson, James EM
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-25T05:06:48Z
dc.date.available2017-05-25T05:06:48Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep17539
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/101754
dc.description.abstractThe first international goal for establishing marine protected areas (MPAs) to conserve the ocean’s biodiversity was set in 2002. Since 2006, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has driven MPA establishment, with 193 parties committed to protecting >10% of marine environments globally by 2020, especially ‘areas of particular importance for biodiversity’ (Aichi target 11). This has resulted in nearly 10 million km2 of new MPAs, a growth of ~360% in a decade. Unlike on land, it is not known how well protected areas capture marine biodiversity, leaving a significant gap in our understanding of existing MPAs and future protection requirements. We assess the overlap of global MPAs with the ranges of 17,348 marine species (fishes, mammals, invertebrates), and find that 97.4% of species have <10% of their ranges represented in stricter conservation classes. Almost all (99.8%) of the very poorly represented species (<2% coverage) are found within exclusive economic zones, suggesting an important role for particular nations to better protect biodiversity. Our results offer strategic guidance on where MPAs should be placed to support the CBD’s overall goal to avert biodiversity loss. Achieving this goal is imperative for nature and humanity, as people depend on biodiversity for important and valuable services.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNature Macmillan
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom17539-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto17539-7
dc.relation.ispartofjournalScientific Reports
dc.relation.ispartofvolume5
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Management
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050205
dc.titleShortfalls in the global protected area network at representing marine biodiversity
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2015. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorBrown, Chris J.


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