Direct screening of a dynamic combinatorial library using mass spectrometry.
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A dynamic combinatorial library (DCL) screening approach is described that permits direct identification of the effective (from ineffective) combination of building blocks in the equilibrating DCL. The approach uses Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR MS) together with sustained off-resonance irradiation collision activated dissociation (SORI-CAD) to detect noncovalent protein-DCL ligand complexes under native conditions. It was shown that in a single, rapid experiment one could concurrently identify all the ligands of interest from the DCL against a background of inactive DCL ligands while still in the presence of the target protein. This result has demonstrated that mass spectrometry may provide a fast preliminary screening approach to identify DCL candidates for later verification with more traditional but time-consuming analysis. The MS/MS enables DCL mixtures to be effectively deconvoluted without the need for either chromatography, synthesis of DCL sub-libraries, conversion of the DCL to a static library, or disruption of the protein-ligand complexes before analysis-all typically necessary for the current screening method for DCLs.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
© 2006 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. This journal is available online - use hypertext links.