Rat activin-ßE mRNA expression during development and in acute and chronic liver injury
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Activin-߅ mRNA expression was investigated in male and female rats using gel-based and quantitative RT-PCR, in fetal and post-natal liver during development and in a variety of tissues from 200 gm adult animals. Activin-߅ expression was also assessed in rat liver after partial hepatectomy, and after repeated toxic insult. Male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to partial hepatectomy or sham operations. Samples were collected from the caudate liver lobe during regeneration, from 12 to 240 hr after surgery. Three groups of 5 male rats were treated with CCl4 for 0 (control), 5 or 10 weeks, to induce liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Activin-߅ mRNA was predominantly expressed in liver, with much lower amounts of mRNA observed in pituitary, adrenal gland and spleen, in both males and females. Low activin-߅ expression was observed in liver at fetal day 16, with higher levels seen between post-natal days 3 and 35 and a further increase noted by day 47, in both males and females. Liver activin-߅ mRNA concentrations did not change from control values 12-72 hr after PHx, but significantly increased over six fold, 168 hr post-hepatectomy, when liver mass was restored. Activin-߅ mRNA was up-regulated after 5 weeks of CCl4 treatment, but not after 10 weeks. The changes in activin-߅ mRNA concentrations after liver insult did not always parallel those reported for the activin-߃ subunit, suggesting activin-߅ may have an independent role in liver under certain conditions.
Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine
© 2006 Gold et al; licensee Library Publishing Media. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited - Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine ( 2006), 2(1), 93-100 - http://www.libpubmedia.co.uk