Platination of a GG Single- and Double-stranded forms of a 14mer Oligonucleotide with Diaqua Cisplatin Followed by NMR and HPLC. Influence of the Platinum Ligands and Base Sequence on 5'-G versus 3'-G Platination Selectivity
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Detailed studies of the kinetics of platination of the single-stranded 14-base DNA oligonucleotide d(ATACATGGTACATA) and the corresponding duplex by cis-[Pt(NH3)2(H2O)2]2+ show that HPLC and NMR are complementary methods which provide similar results. The 5'-G and 3'-G monofunctional intermediates were trapped, separated and characterized by NMR (via 15NH3 labeling) and enzymatic digestion followed by mass spectrometry. The kinetic data are compared with those for the corresponding reactions of cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (cisplatin) and its monohydrolysed analogue. For both single and double strands of the oligonucleotide, the aqua complex shows little selectivity for the 5'-G or the 3'-G in the initial platination step, whereas the chloro-complex preferentially platinates the 3'-G. The base on the 3' side of the GG sequence appears to play an important role in controlling this selectivity; replacement of T by C increases the selectivity of duplex platination by the diaqua complex by a factor of about 6, and the selectivity of chelation of the 3'-G monofunctional adduct by a factor of about 3. In general the reactivity of the 5'-G in a GG sequence appears to be enhanced in a duplex compared with a single-strand. For both the aqua-monoadduct and chloro-monoadduct, cis-[Pt(NH3)2(NG)(H2O or Cl)], the 5'-G monoadduct is much longer lived (t½≈ 4 h at 288 K for aqua, 80 h at 298 K for chloro) than the 3'-G monoadduct (t½≤ 45 min at 288 K for aqua, 6 h at 298 K for chloro). Inspection of molecular mechanics models of the end states of various monofunctional adducts provided insight into H-bonding and destacking interactions in these adducts and the sequence selectivity observed in their formation. Such adducts may play an important role in the mechanism of action of platinum anticancer drugs.
European Journal of Biochemistry