Reactions of Cisplatin Hydrolytes with Methionine, Cysteine, and Plasma Ultrafiltrate Studied by a Combination of HPLC and NMR Techniques
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The reactions of cis-[PtCl(NH3)2(H2O)]+ with l-methionine have been studied by 1D 195Pt and 15N NMR, and by 2D[1H, 15N] NMR. When the platinum complex is in excess, the initial product, cis-[PtCl(NH3)2(Hmet-S)]+ undergoes slow ring closure to [Pt(NH3)2(Hmet-N,S)]2+. Slow ammine loss then occurs to give the isomer of [PtCl(NH3)(Hmet-N,S)]+ with chloride trans to sulfur. When methionine is in excess, a reaction sequence is proposed in which trans-[PtCl(NH3)(Hmet-S)2]+ isomerises to the cis-isomer, with subsequent ring closure reactions leading to cis-[Pt(Hmet-N,S)2]2+. Near pH 7, methionine is unreactive toward cis-[PtCl(OH)(NH3)2]. By contrast, l-cysteine reacts readily with cis-[PtCl(OH)(NH3)2] at pH 7, but there were many reaction products, including bridged species. Cis-[PtCl(OH)(NH3)2] reacts with reduced thiols in ultrafiltered plasma but these are oxidized if the plasma is not fresh or appropriately stored. With very low concentrations of the platinum complexes (35.5 μM), HPLC experiments (UV detection at 305 nm) indicate that the thiolate (probably cysteine) reactions become simpler as bridging becomes less important.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry