Nonnegative matrix factorization with endmember sparse graph learning for hyperspectral unmixing
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Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) based hyperspectral unmixing aims at estimating pure spectral signatures and their fractional abundances at each pixel. During the past several years, manifold structures have been introduced as regularization constraints into NMF. However, most methods only consider the constraints on abundance matrix while ignoring the geometric relationship of endmembers. Although such relationship can be described by traditional graph construction approaches based on k-nearest neighbors, its accuracy is questionable. In this paper, we propose a novel hyperspectral unmixing method, namely NMF with endmember sparse graph learning, to tackle the above drawbacks. This method first integrates endmember sparse graph structure into NMF, then simultaneously performs unmixing and graph learning. It is further extended by incorporating abundance smoothness constraint to improve the unmixing performance. Experimental results on both synthetic and real datasets have validated the effectiveness of the proposed method.
2016 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing: Proceedings
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