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dc.contributor.authorAdams, Vanessa M
dc.contributor.authorSetterfield, Samantha A
dc.contributor.authorDouglas, Michael M
dc.contributor.authorKennard, Mark J
dc.contributor.authorFerdinands, Keith
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-06T00:31:38Z
dc.date.available2018-11-06T00:31:38Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn0962-8436
dc.identifier.doi10.1098/rstb.2014.0274
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/125200
dc.description.abstractProtected areas remain a cornerstone for global conservation. However, their effectiveness at halting biodiversity decline is not fully understood. Studies of protected area benefits have largely focused on measuring their impact on halting deforestation and have neglected to measure the impacts of protected areas on other threats. Evaluations that measure the impact of protected area management require more complex evaluation designs and datasets. This is the case across realms (terrestrial, freshwater, marine), but measuring the impact of protected area management in freshwater systems may be even more difficult owing to the high level of connectivity and potential for threat propagation within systems (e.g. downstream flow of pollution). We review the potential barriers to conducting impact evaluation for protected area management in freshwater systems. We contrast the barriers identified for freshwater systems to terrestrial systems and discuss potential measurable outcomes and confounders associated with protected area management across the two realms. We identify key research gaps in conducting impact evaluation in freshwater systems that relate to three of their major characteristics: variability, connectivity and time lags in outcomes. Lastly, we use Kakadu National Park world heritage area, the largest national park in Australia, as a case study to illustrate the challenges of measuring impacts of protected area management programmes for environmental outcomes in freshwater systems.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherRoyal Society Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom20140274-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto20140274-12
dc.relation.ispartofissue1681
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
dc.relation.ispartofvolume370
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060299
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode06
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.titleMeasuring benefits of protected area management: Trends across realms and research gaps for freshwater systems
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorKennard, Mark J.


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