Causal Relationship Between Career Indecision and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy: A Longitudinal Cross-Lagged Analysis
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This study surveyed 166 students when they were in Grade 8 of high school, and then again when they were in Grade 10, using measures of career indecision and career decision-making self-efficacy. Consistent with social-cognitive theories we hypothesized that changes in self-efficacy over time would be causally associated with changes in career indecision over time. Using latent variable analyses, we estimated a two-wave, longitudinal cross-lagged panel design, and found that, contrary to expectations, changes in career decision-making self-efficacy did not result in changes in career indecision, despite significant contemporaneous associations at both times. Theoretical and applied implications are highlighted.
Journal of Career Development
Copyright 2006 Sage Publications. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. First published in Journal of Career Development. This journal is available online please use hypertext links.