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dc.contributor.authorByrnes, Troyen_US
dc.contributor.authorWarnken, Janen_US
dc.contributor.editorBill Bramwellen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T16:58:16Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T16:58:16Z
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.date.modified2009-09-25T04:47:58Z
dc.identifier.issn0966-9582en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09669580608669058en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/13387
dc.description.abstractThis paper estimates the overall and per capita energy costs and GHG contributions associated with tour boat operations in Australia, a country with a 35,000 km coastline and world class marine attractions. Using a comprehensive database of Australian tour boat operators, 145 face-to-face interviews or completed postal survey questionnaires and 45 in- situ audits, the overall GHG emissions for this industry sector was estimated conservatively at 70,000 tons CO2-e or 0.1% of the transport sector in Australia, the fastest growing sector in terms of GHG outputs. On average, this translated into an extra 61 kg CO2-e per tourist if their travel itineraries included a trip on a boat with a diesel engine, or 27 kg CO2-e for a trip on a boat with a petrol engine - the equivalent of a single person driving 140 km or 300 km, respectively, in a standard passenger vehicle. Information obtained from Australian tour boat operators, however, indicated a range of technical and operational opportunities for reducing GHG emissions. In the light of Australia's anticipated growth in domestic and international visitors, the importance of reducing tour boat GHG outputs, is stressed.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent278015 bytes
dc.format.extent41721 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherRoutledgeen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~db=all~content=t794297833en_AU
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom255en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto270en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue3en_AU
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Sustainable Tourismen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume14en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode300801en_US
dc.titleGreenhouse Gas Emissions from Marine Tours: A Case Study of Australian Tour Boat Operatorsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Environmenten_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2006 Multilingual Matters & Channel View Publications. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal website for access to the definitive, published version.en_AU
gro.date.issued2006
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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