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dc.contributor.authorDownes, Martin J
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Marnie L
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Hywel C
dc.contributor.authorDean, Rachel S
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-19T01:19:21Z
dc.date.available2018-01-19T01:19:21Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011458
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/134140
dc.description.abstractObjectives: The aim of this study was to develop a critical appraisal (CA) tool that addressed study design and reporting quality as well as the risk of bias in cross-sectional studies (CSSs). In addition, the aim was to produce a help document to guide the nonexpert user through the tool. Design: An initial scoping review of the published literature and key epidemiological texts was undertaken prior to the formation of a Delphi panel to establish key components for a CA tool for CSSs. A consensus of 80% was required from the Delphi panel for any component to be included in the final tool. Results: An initial list of 39 components was identified through examination of existing resources. An international Delphi panel of 18 medical and veterinary experts was established. After 3 rounds of the Delphi process, the Appraisal tool for Cross- Sectional Studies (AXIS tool) was developed by consensus and consisted of 20 components. A detailed explanatory document was also developed with the tool, giving expanded explanation of each question and providing simple interpretations and examples of the epidemiological concepts being examined in each question to aid non-expert users. Conclusions: CA of the literature is a vital step in evidence synthesis and therefore evidence-based decision-making in a number of different disciplines. The AXIS tool is therefore unique and was developed in a way that it can be used across disciplines to aid the inclusion of CSSs in systematic reviews, guidelines and clinical decision-making.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAustralasian Medical Publishing Company
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrome011458-1
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoe011458-7
dc.relation.ispartofissue12
dc.relation.ispartofjournalMJA Open
dc.relation.ispartofvolume6
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOther Medical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode119999
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1199
dc.titleDevelopment of a critical appraisal tool to assess the quality of cross-sectional studies (AXIS)
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Medicine
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorDownes, Martin J.


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