The use of sensitivity analysis and genetic algorithms for the management of catalyst emissions from oil refineries.
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Excessive catalyst emissions from Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Units (FCCU) during start-up situations are common, and have been deemed 'normal', with little research conducted on determining their causes. A MATLAB model found to predict trends in emission rates under normal conditions has been expanded to better represent the actual processes inside a FCCU. First and second order sensitivity analysis techniques are used to assess the interactions between various operational parameters, with a genetic algorithm used to optimize the operating conditions to minimize air emissions. These 'key' parameters may then be altered to help manage both normal and start-up emissions through operational changes. It was also found that significant scale-up issues arise with the use of the attrition models found in the literature.
Mathematical and Computer Modelling
Copyright 2006 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.