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dc.contributor.authorMoore, Sophie E
dc.contributor.authorScott, James G
dc.contributor.authorFerrari, Alize J
dc.contributor.authorMills, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorDunne, Michael P
dc.contributor.authorErskine, Holly E
dc.contributor.authorDevries, Karen M
dc.contributor.authorDegenhardt, Louisa
dc.contributor.authorVos, Theo
dc.contributor.authorWhiteford, Harvey A
dc.contributor.authorMcCarthy, Molly
dc.contributor.authorNorman, Rosana E
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-29T04:52:27Z
dc.date.available2018-11-29T04:52:27Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn0145-2134
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.05.006
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/141212
dc.description.abstractChild maltreatment is a complex phenomenon, with four main types (childhood sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect) highly interrelated. All types of maltreatment have been linked to adverse health consequences and exposure to multiple forms of maltreatment increases risk. In Australia to date, only burden attributable to childhood sexual abuse has been estimated. This study synthesized the national evidence and quantified the burden attributable to the four main types of child maltreatment. Meta-analyses, based on quality-effects models, generated pooled prevalence estimates for each maltreatment type. Exposure to child maltreatment was examined as a risk factor for depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and intentional self-harm using counterfactual estimation and comparative risk assessment methods. Adjustments were made for co-occurrence of multiple forms of child maltreatment. Overall, an estimated 23.5% of self-harm, 20.9% of anxiety disorders and 15.7% of depressive disorders burden in males; and 33.0% of self-harm, 30.6% of anxiety disorders and 22.8% of depressive disorders burden in females was attributable to child maltreatment. Child maltreatment was estimated to cause 1.4% (95% uncertainty interval 0.4–2.3%) of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in males, and 2.4% (0.7–4.1%) of all DALYs in females in Australia in 2010. Child maltreatment contributes to a substantial proportion of burden from depressive and anxiety disorders and intentional self-harm in Australia. This study demonstrates the importance of including all forms of child maltreatment as risk factors in future burden of disease studies.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom208
dc.relation.ispartofpageto220
dc.relation.ispartofjournalChild Abuse and Neglect
dc.relation.ispartofvolume48
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchSocial Work
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode170199
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1607
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701
dc.titleBurden attributable to child maltreatment in Australia
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorMcCarthy, Molly M.


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