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A tourism system is complex and dynamic but may be described as a network providing a means to representing the interactions among its different components. In general, a network is a picture of the connections or relationships among a set of objects (people, hence stakeholder network or social network; organizations, hence organizational network; aviation routes, hence route network). Formal analysis of networks (or network analysis) began in the mathematical field of graph theory, a branch of topology. A graph is an abstract mathematical object composed of nodes (vertices, actors) connected by relationships (links, edges) and can be represented by a matrix (adjacency matrix), thus allowing the use of linear algebra analysis methods.
Encyclopedia of Tourism
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