Orchestrating the fight against anonymous incorporation: A field experiment
MetadataShow full item record
The world’s leading governments fight money laundering and terrorist financing through the intergovernmental FATF. To prevent anonymous incorporation, an important FATF rule requires that private corporate-service providers demand certified identification documents when incorporating new companies. But serious questions arise over the FATF’s effectiveness at inducing compliance with this rule. To investigate, this study employs a randomized field experiment. Using aliases and posing as consultants, we sent requests for confidential incorporation to corporate-service providers in 180 countries. We informed them about FATF rules, invoked a threat of legal penalties (hierarchy), and appealed to global norms (collaboration). A fourth condition attributed the standards to a private intermediary, the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists. We found that ACAMS significantly increased compliance compared to the other conditions; information about FATF rules, penalties and norms did not significantly reduce the ease of anonymous incorporation. The results measure the relative ability of an orchestrator and a complementary intermediary to affect target behavior. Together, these factors predict orchestration: a case study reveals that the FATF strongly endorses private certification bodies.
International Organizations as Orchestrators
© 2015 Cambridge University Press. This material has been published as Orchestrating the fight against anonymous incorporation: A field experiment by Michael G. Findley, Daniel Nielson and Jason Sharman. This version is free to view and download for personal use only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works.