A review of the Indo-Australian subgenus Parazeugodacus Shiraki of Bactrocera Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae)
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The Bactrocera Macquart subgenus 'Parazeugodacus' Shiraki, 1933 (= Melanodacus Perkins, 1937, syn. n.) is reviewed and eight species included: 'B. (P.) abbreviata' (Hardy), 'B. (P.) bipustulata Bezzi', 'B. (P.) matsumurai' (Shiraki) and 'B. (P.) pendleburyi' (Perkins) from Asia, 'B. (P.) terminifer' (Walker) from Sulawesi, 'B. (P.) satanellus' (Hering) from Papua New Guinea, 'B. (P.) nigra' (Tryon) from Australia and 'B. (P.) fulvifacies' (Perkins) from New Caledonia. Four of these species are newly transferred: 'B. fulvifacies' from subgenus 'Zeugodacus' Hendel, 'B. nigra' and 'B. satanellus' from subgenus 'Melanodacus' and 'B. terminifer' from subgenus 'Paradacus' Perkins. Primary larval hosts are the fruit of olives (Oleaceae). Three Asian species currently included in 'Parazeugodacus', 'viz. B. arisanica' (Shiraki), 'B. fulvosterna' Drew and Romig and 'B. tetrachaeta' (Bezzi), are transferred to subgenus 'Hemizeugodacus' Hardy. Morphological characters suggesting monophyly of genus 'Bactrocera' are discussed, with those (plus host plant data) used to support a suggested elevation of 'Zeugodacus' to genus all homoplasious.
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Zoology not elsewhere classified