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dc.contributor.authorNeumann, David L
dc.contributor.authorWaters, Allison M
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T14:37:39Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T14:37:39Z
dc.date.issued2006
dc.date.modified2009-10-29T06:23:06Z
dc.identifier.issn0301-0511
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.03.004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/14237
dc.description.abstractEthical considerations can limit the use of traditional unconditional stimuli (US), such as electric shock and loud tones, when used in a human aversive Pavlovian conditioning procedure. The risk of the US causing pain or excessive anxiety is a particular concern when testing sensitive populations such as children, the elderly, and those with psychological or neurodevelopmental disorders. Two experiments used a differential conditioning procedure to determine whether an unpleasant sound (metal scraping on slate) could support the acquisition and extinction of conditioned responses to the same extent as either electric shock or a 100 dB(A) tone US. Experiment 1 (N = 48) demonstrated equivalent or superior conditioning effects for the signal-based learning measures of US expectancy, skin conductance responses, and heart rate. Experiment 2 (N = 57) yielded similar outcomes in the affective-based learning measures of startle blink modulation and pleasantness ratings. The results support the use of an unpleasant sound as a US in human Pavlovian conditioning experiments.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent20207 bytes
dc.format.extent89548 bytes
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeIreland
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/505580/description#description
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom175
dc.relation.ispartofpageto185
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBiological Psychology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume73
dc.rights.retentionN
dc.subject.fieldofresearchNeurosciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive and computational psychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3209
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode5204
dc.titleThe use of an unpleasant sound as an unconditional stimulus in a human aversive Pavlovian conditioning procedure
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Applied Psychology
gro.rights.copyright© 2006 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
gro.date.issued2006
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorNeumann, David L.
gro.griffith.authorWaters, Allison M.


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