The Rwanda Paradigm: The Responsibility to Protect Displaced Persons
This chapter examines the implications of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine for the protection of internally displaced persons. The chapter is concerned that the emphasis of R2P as the doctrine guiding the international response to civilian protection crises may override the human rights considerations of populations such as internally displaced persons (IDPs) whose protection needs are not adequately articulated in R2P. It is argued that refugees are often perceived by the UNSC as a threat to international peace and security, as destabilizing influences, especially since 2001, and at best as the ‘passive recipients’ of protection. This chapter advocates a deeper and more explicit commitment to the human rights aspect of R2P. Without such a commitment, it is argued, the R2P doctrine will remain at the whim of state interests as opposed to a potentially powerful tool for civilian protection.
Civilian Protection in the Twenty-First Century
International Law (excl. International Trade Law)