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dc.contributor.authorWaters, Allison M
dc.contributor.authorPine, Daniel S
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-30T03:55:06Z
dc.date.available2017-11-30T03:55:06Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn0021-9630
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jcpp.12522
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/142725
dc.description.abstractBackground Extinction is a key theoretical model of exposure-based treatments, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). This study examined whether individual differences in physiological responses and subjective stimulus evaluations as indices of fear extinction predicted response to CBT. Methods Thirty-two nonanxious comparisons and 44 anxious, 7-to-13-year-old children completed a Pavlovian conditioning and extinction task. Anxious children then completed group-based CBT. Skin conductance responses (SCRs) as well as subjective arousal and valence evaluations were measured in response to a conditioned stimulus paired with an aversive tone (CS+) and another conditioned stimulus presented alone (CS−). Both stimuli were presented alone during extinction. Diagnostic and symptom measures were completed before and after treatment. Results Like nonanxious comparisons, treatment responders did not acquire conditioned negative stimulus evaluations and displayed elevated SCRs that declined significantly across extinction trials. Nonresponders, by contrast, showed elevated negative stimulus evaluations of both CSs that were sensitive to extinction trials but showed no change in SCRs during extinction. Change in physiological but not evaluative indices of fear extinction predicted better treatment outcomes. Conclusions Individual differences in evaluative and physiological indices of fear extinction might moderate response to CBT.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom869
dc.relation.ispartofpageto876
dc.relation.ispartofissue7
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
dc.relation.ispartofvolume57
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode170199
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1702
dc.titleEvaluating differences in Pavlovian fear acquisition and extinction as predictors of outcome from cognitive behavioural therapy for anxious children
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Applied Psychology
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWaters, Allison M.


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