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dc.contributor.authorLiu, Tao
dc.contributor.authorZeng, Weilin
dc.contributor.authorLin, Hualiang
dc.contributor.authorRutherford, Shannon
dc.contributor.authorXiao, Jianpeng
dc.contributor.authorLi, Xing
dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhihao
dc.contributor.authorQian, Zhengmin
dc.contributor.authorFeng, Baixiang
dc.contributor.authorMa, Wenjun
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-22T05:24:10Z
dc.date.available2018-01-22T05:24:10Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph13090851
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/142926
dc.description.abstractAlthough the health effects of ambient ozone have been widely assessed, their tempo-spatial variations remain unclear. We selected 20 communities (ten each from southern and northern USA) based on the US National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study (NMMAPS) dataset. A generalized linear model (GLM) was used to estimate the season-specific association between each 10 ppb (lag0-2 day average) increment in daily 8 h maximum ozone concentration and mortality in every community. The results showed that in the southern communities, a 10 ppb increment in ozone was linked to an increment of mortality of −0.07%, −0.17%, 0.40% and 0.27% in spring, summer, autumn and winter, respectively. For the northern communities, the excess risks (ERs) were 0.74%, 1.21%, 0.52% and −0.65% in the spring, summer, autumn and winter seasons, respectively. City-specific ozone-related mortality effects were positively related with latitude, but negatively related with seasonal average temperature in the spring, summer and autumn seasons. However, a reverse relationship was found in the winter. We concluded that there were different seasonal patterns of ozone effects on mortality between southern and northern US communities. Latitude and seasonal average temperature were identified as modifiers of the ambient ozone-related mortality risks.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom851-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto851-14
dc.relation.ispartofissue9
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofvolume13
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode039901
dc.titleTempo-Spatial Variations of Ambient Ozone-Mortality Associations in the USA: Results from the NMMAPS Data
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorRutherford, Shannon


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