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dc.contributor.authorTurner, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorWarne, Michael
dc.contributor.authorDawes, Les A.
dc.contributor.authorVardy, Susi
dc.contributor.authorD. Will, Geoffrey
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-04T05:55:17Z
dc.date.available2019-03-04T05:55:17Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn0301-4797
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.021
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/143261
dc.description.abstractIncreased water demands in dry countries such as Australia, have led to increased adoption of various water reuse practices. Irrigation of greywater (all water discharged from the bathrooms, laundry and kitchen apart from toilet waste) is seen as a potential means of easing water demands; however, there is limited knowledge of how greywater irrigation impacts terrestrial and aquatic environments. This study compared four greywater irrigated residential lots to adjacent non-irrigated lots that acted as controls. Accumulation and potential impacts of metals in soil, groundwater and surface water, as a result of greywater irrigation, were assessed by comparing measured concentrations to national and international guidelines. Greywater increased concentrations of some metals in irrigated soil and resulted in As, B, Cr and Cu exceeding guidelines after only four years of irrigation. Movement of metals from the irrigation areas resulted in metal concentrations in groundwater (Al, As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn) and surface water (Cu, Fe and Zn) exceeding environmental quality guidelines again within four years. These results are unlikely to be universally applicable but indicate the need to consider metals in greywater in order to minimize potential adverse environmental effects from greywater irrigation.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom806
dc.relation.ispartofpageto817
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Environmental Management
dc.relation.ispartofvolume183
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode059999
dc.titleIrrigated greywater in an urban sub-division as a potential source of metals to soil, groundwater and surface water
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyAn Unassigned Group, An Unassigned Department
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWarne, Michael
gro.griffith.authorVardy, Susi
gro.griffith.authorTurner, Ryan


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