Current and emerging technologies employed to abate crime and to promote security
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On a daily basis, vast numbers of citizens around the world are being observed through the surveillance activities of others. Police, intelligence agencies, corporations, employers, media and property owners, many by using their privately contracted security personnel and service providers, are all now capable of observing, filming and monitoring the activities of others, including listening in to their conversations. Increasingly, they are accessing their data, too, for marketing purposes at the lower end of the scale (Andrejevic 2012), and for intelligence analysis at the higher end (Prunckun 2010). “On-selling” of electronic information and consumer databases is now part of global commerce (Dearne 2001), too. For the most part, the law does not discourage such intrusive activities, certainly in so far as they relate to public agencies and, increasingly, as they relate to the investigative undertakings carried out by the private sector as well.
The Routledge Handbook of International Crime and Justice Studies
Law and Legal Studies not elsewhere classified