Legal Frameworks for Third-Party Policing
Public police are now one par1 of a nelwork of law enforcement that includes private police and security, regulatory agencies, businesses, schools, and private individuals. Police have always formed partnerships to help them in responding to, and preventing crime, but increasingly these partnerships arc moving beyond joint appro.tchcs to solving community problems. Third-party policing is an approach that rests on the use of legal levers available to non-offending third parties under regulatory and private law frameworks. There has been a blurring of these frameworks in recent times, so that many noncriminal levers are available for police and their partners to use for crime reduction purposes. The types of levers commonly used in third-party policing arc discussed, along with the types of crime and disorder problems which they have been used to address. Challenges to the broader use of regulatory frameworks are overviewed, and future directions and especially the need for further research, are suggested.
Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Causes and Prevention of Crime