Comparing performance of modified two-stage mixing approach for producing recycled aggregate concrete
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Exhaustion of landfill areas coupled with the extensive redevelopment programme in Hong Kong has prompted the use of recycled aggregate. However, the inferior quality of recycled aggregate (RA) has restricted its use to low-grade applications such as roadwork sub-base and pavements, while its adoption for higher-grade concrete is rare because of the lower compressive strength and higher variability in mechanical performance of RA. A new concrete mixing method, that is the two-stage mixing approach, was advocated to improve the quality of RA concrete (RAC) by splitting the mixing process into two. The current paper describes two modified mixing methods with some alteration to the two-stage mixing approach by proportioning ingredients of cement and water with the percentage of RA added in the first mix, referred to as the two-stage mixing approach(proportional-1) (TSMAp1), and proportioning the cement content (without water) with the percentage of RA used in the first mix, referred to as the two-stage mixing approach(proportional-2) (TSMAp2). Based on experimental works and results, improvements in strength to RAC were achieved with both TSMAp1 and TSMAp2. This can be attributable to the porous nature of RA and the premixing process that fills up some of its pores and cracks, resulting in a denser aggregate and concrete. An improved interfacial zone around RA with lower water/cement ratio generated from TSMAp2 without changing the ultimate water/cement ratio gives a higher strength than the normal mixing approach (NMA) and TSMAp1.
Magazine of Concrete Research
© 2006 Thomas Telford Ltd. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.