Examining the links between strain, situational and dispositional anger, and crime: further specifying and testing general strain theory.
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Past research testing General Strain Theory has relied on trait-based, static indicators ofang er, assuming that "anger people" develop angry emotional states (i.e., situational anger) when exposed to strain. Here, the authors explore whether the relationship between strain, anger, and deviant outcomes varies as a function of whether trait-based or situational-based measures ofang er are used. Additionally, using structural equation modeling, they examine whether individuals with high levels of trait anger have an increased likelihood ofe xperiencing strain, becoming angry due to strain, and responding with deviance. The results reveal that relying on trait-based static indicators ofang er is problematic. The findings demonstrate that the relationship between anger and deviant outcomes is attenuated when trait-based measures of anger are used. Moreover, results also reveal that trait anger increases deviant outcomes independent ofthe effects ofstr ain or situational anger, which suggests that different mechanisms are operating.
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