Affirmative Action or Managing Diversity: what is the future of equal opportunity policies in organisations?
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Equal employment opportunity policies were introduced in Australia in the 1980s in response to women's disadvantaged workforce position. Australia's unique form of affirmative action was underpinned by legislation and aimed to promote gender equity in the workplace via employer action. Throughout the 1990s there has been a policy shift away from collectivism towards individualism and away from externally driven social programs at the workplace towards managerialist driven social programs. The main process for implementing progressive and inclusive equity programs at the workplace is through human resource management policies that link employment diversity to organisational objectives (for example, productivity and profitability). Programs titled Managing Diversity have been introduced into some organisations and today there are a variety of approaches towards equity policies in Australian organisations. The article proposes that a distinctive Australian version of managing diversity will develop in some organisations based on the prior national legislative framework.
Women in Management Review