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dc.contributor.authorJ. Gross, Garretten_US
dc.contributor.authorN. Peart, Jasonen_US
dc.description.abstractIschemic or myocardial preconditioning (IPC) is a phenomenon whereby brief periods of ischemia have been shown to protect the myocardium against a more sustained ischemic insult. The result of IPC may be manifest as a marked reduction in infarct size, myocardial stunning, or incidence of cardiac arrhythmias. Whereas many endogenous neurotransmitters, peptides, and hormones have been proposed to play a role in the signal transduction pathways mediating the cardioprotective effect of IPC, nearly universal evidence indicates the involvement of the ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel. Initial evidence suggested that the surface or sarcolemmal KATP (sarcKATP) channel triggered or mediated the cardioprotective effects of IPC; however, more recent findings have suggested a major role for a mitochondrial site or possibly a mitochondrial KATP channel (mitoKATP). This review presents evidence that supports a role for these two channels as a trigger and/or downstream mediator in the phenomenon of IPC or pharmacologically induced PC as well as recent evidence that suggests the involvement of a mitochondrial calcium-activated potassium (mitoKca) channel or the electron transport chain in mediating the beneficial effects of IPC or pharmacologically induced PC.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Physiological Societyen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAmerican Journal of Physiology : Heart and Circulatory Physiologyen_US
dc.titleKATP channels and myocardial preconditioning: an update.en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightSelf-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author[s] for more information.en_US
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