Adenosine and opioid receptor-mediated cardioprotection in the rat: evidence for cross-talk between receptors.
The relative roles of free-radical production, mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoKATP) channels and possible receptor cross-talk in both opioid and adenosine A1 receptor (A1AR) mediated protection were assessed in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 30 min of occlusion and 90 min of reperfusion. The untreated rats exhibited an infarct of 58.8 ᠲ.9% [infarct size (IS)/area at risk (AAR), %] at the end of reperfusion. Pretreatment with either the nonselective opioid receptor agonist morphine or the selective A1AR agonist 2-chloro-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA) dramatically reduced IS/AAR to 41.1 ᠲ.2% and 37.9 ᠵ.5%, respectively (P < 0.05). Protection afforded by either morphine or CCPA was abolished by the reactive oxygen species scavenger N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine or the mitoKATP channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate. Both morphine- and CCPA-mediated protection were attenuated by the selective A1AR antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine and the selective d1-opioid receptor (DOR) antagonist 7-benzylidenealtrexone. Simultaneous administration of morphine and CCPA failed to enhance the infarct-sparing effect of either agonist alone. These data suggest that both DOR and A1AR-mediated cardioprotection are mitoKATP and reactive oxygen species dependent. Furthermore, these data suggest that there are converging pathways and/or receptor cross-talk between A1AR- and DOR-mediated cardioprotection.
American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
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