Conformational Comparisons Between Phenoxyacetic Acid Derivatives in Adducts and in the Free Form
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Six molecular complexes containing the herbicidally active (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,4-d) and (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,4,5-t) have been prepared and studied by using single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. These adduct structures are 2,4-d with 4,4'-dipyridine (2 : 1 complex), and 2,4,5-t with respectively 5-nitroquinoline (1 : 1), 4,4'-dipyridine (2 : 1), 2-amino-2-thiazoline (1 : 1), 2-aminobenzothiazole (1 : 1) and 2-amino-5-ethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole (1 : 1). The conformations of the phenoxyacetic acid molecules were found to be either synclinal (in three cases) or antiperiplanar (in the other three cases). A general review is also made about the conformational aspects of previously reported adducts of phenoxyacetic acid derivatives and how they compare to their free acid structures.
Australian Journal of Chemistry