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dc.contributor.authorMorrell, Kevinen_US
dc.contributor.authorWilkinson, Adrianen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:09:40Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:09:40Z
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.issn13678868en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/13678860110057647en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/16827
dc.description.abstractThis paper offers a five-fold typology for empowerment, which is intended to make it easier to assess and develop empowerment initiatives in a climate where much rhetoric surrounds the term. A real-world organizational sketch for each type follows an initial theoretical description and aphorism. The implications for HRD practitioners of each type of empowerment are also outlined. No exclusive or definitional treatment is offered for what we feel to be an elastic term. Instead, the framework is held up as a potential catalyst for provoking ideas about empowerment, or grouping existing ideas on how to empower. We sympathize with those who feel the term is redundant because it has been subsumed by the 'developmental rhetoric' (Clutterbuck 1998), and recognize that such rhetoric can be a barrier to change and learning (Harrison 1997). Nonetheless, we argue that, instead of abandoning the term empowerment altogether, it can be beneficial to see what has been accomplished under the existing banner.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.format.extent167007 bytes
dc.format.extent39380 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherRoutledgeen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom119en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto130en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalHuman Resource Development Internationalen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume5en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode350201en_US
dc.titleEmpowerment: through the smoke and past the mirrors?en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2002 Taylor & Francis. This is an electronic version of an article published in Human Resource Development International, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2002, Pages 119-130. Human Resource Development International is available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com with the open URL of your article.en_US
gro.date.issued2015-05-12T05:11:17Z
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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