Single-step, self-etch adhesives behave as permeable membranes after polymerization. Part III. Evidence from fluid conductance and artificial caries inhibition
MetadataShow full item record
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that formation of inhibition zones by bonded restorations in artificially-induced carious dentin lesions is related to the permeability of the self-etch adhesives. METHODS: Fluid conductance of four single-step self-etch adhesives (Prompt L-Pop, Etch&Prime 3.0, One-Up Bond F and Reactmer Bond), and a control two-step self-etch adhesive (UniFil Bond) were measured after sound dentin surfaces were:(1) acid-etched; (2) polished to produce smear layers; (3) bonded with the adhesive; each at 20 cm hydrostatic pressure (hp). Osmotic fluid conductance was also determined for the bonded dentin after immersion in 4.8 M CaCl2 at 0 cm hp. For artificial caries inhibition, a non-fluoride releasing (NFR) two-step self-etch adhesive (UniFil Bond) and a fluoride-releasing (FR) single-step adhesive (Reactmer Bond) were used in combination with a NFR composite (Metafil CX) or a FR restorative material (Reactmer Paste). Artificial caries were induced in these restorations, from which 120 +/- 10 microm thick sections and the effect of caries inhibition were quantitatively assessed with polarizing light microscopy and image analysis. RESULTS: Fluid conductance after bonding with the single-step adhesives Prompt L-Pop and Etch&Prime 3.0 were not significantly different from those recorded from smear layer-covered dentin. Although better seals were achieved with One-Up Bond F and Reactmer Bond, fluid conductance at 20 cm hp was significantly higher than the two-step self-etch adhesive UniFil Bond. Osmotic conductance at 0 cm hp were not significantly different from normal fluid conductance at 20 cm hp. The sizes of artificial carious lesions in UniFil Bond were significantly higher irrespective of whether a FR or NFR composite was used. Significant reduction in lesion size occurred in Reactmer Bond with the use of a NFR composite, and even more so with the use of a FR composite.
American Journal of Dentistry