Hepatic pharmacokinetics of propranolol in rats with adjuvant-induced systemic inflammation
MetadataShow full item record
Systemic inflammation is known to affect drug disposition in the liver. This study sought to relate and quantitate changes in hepatic pharmacokinetics of propranolol with changes in hepatic architecture and physiology in adjuvant-treated rats. Transmission electron microscopy was used to assess morphological changes in mitochondria and lysosomes of adjuvant-treated rat livers. The disposition of propranolol was assessed in the perfused rat liver using the multiple indicator dilution technique. Hepatic extraction and mean transit time were determined from outflow-concentration profiles using a nonparametric method. Kinetic parameters were derived from a two-phase physiologically based organ pharmacokinetic model. Possible relationships were then explored between the changes in hepatic drug disposition and cytochrome P-450 activity and iron concentration. Adjuvant treatment induced the appearance of mitochondrial inclusions/tubularization and irregularly shaped lysosomes in rat livers. Livers from adjuvanttreated rats had (relative to normal) significantly higher alpha1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid) and iron tissue concentrations but lower cytochrome P-450 content. The hepatic extraction, metabolism, and ion trapping of propranolol were significantly impaired in adjuvanttreated rats and could be correlated with altered iron store and cytochrome P-450 activity. It is concluded that adjuvant-induced systemic inflammation alters hepatocellular morphology and biochemistry and consequently influences hepatic disposition of propranolol.
American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Self-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author[s] for more information.