Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author., .en_US
dc.contributor.authorYu, Jimmyen_US
dc.contributor.authorConnell, Desen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, Elizabethen_US
dc.contributor.editorS. Kacewen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-24T07:59:00Z
dc.date.available2017-04-24T07:59:00Z
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.date.modified2009-09-01T05:58:29Z
dc.identifier.issn15287394en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/15287390701432384en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/17059
dc.description.abstractA human health risk assessment was performed to evaluate the risks due to chlorobenzenes in the air of residential houses. Chlorobenzenes found in the air in the toilets, rooms, and outdoors of three houses in Brisbane, Australia, were sampled by trapping on Tenax TA and analyzed using an automated thermal desorption (ATD)-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method. Concentrations of 1,4-dichlorobenzene (1,4-DCB) in the rooms, toilets, and outdoors were used as the exposure concentrations (E), while those in the toilets (姯m3) were used as the high-exposure concentrations (HE). The exposure concentrations were transformed into exposure doses (EXDE and EXDHE). Dose-response data from the literature for a range of adverse effects in animals were obtained and exposure doses were expressed as human equivalent dose (HED). The HED values were higher than the EXDE and EXDHE values for all adverse effects, and a hazard quotient was calculated that indicated a low level of risk with the high-exposure environment. The lifetime average daily doses (LADDs) for a wide range of adverse effects observed in human case studies were estimated and compared to the doses in the high-exposure (HE) situation. Using the Monte Carlo simulation technique the probabilities of risk quotients higher than unity ranged from 0.02 to 0.26. This evaluation indicated that 1,4-DCB posed low risks to general residents; however, for individuals with susceptible characteristics and exposure to elevated 1,4-DCB, the probability of adverse responses was moderate to high.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherTaylor and Francisen_US
dc.publisher.placeLondonen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/15287394.aspen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationYen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1594en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto1603en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part Aen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume70en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode259902en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode279999en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode300804en_US
dc.titleHealth risk assessment of chlorobenzenes in the air of residential houses using probabilistic techniquesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Engineeringen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2007 Taylor & Francis. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_AU
gro.date.issued2007
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record