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dc.contributor.authorAndrews, JY
dc.contributor.authorForsyth, S
dc.contributor.authorWade, J
dc.contributor.authorKinner, SA
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-26T00:34:51Z
dc.date.available2017-07-26T00:34:51Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.issn1756-0500
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1756-0500-4-450
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/171844
dc.description.abstractBackground: The period immediately after release from custody is a time of marked vulnerability and increased risk of death for ex-prisoners. Despite this, there is currently no routine, national system for monitoring ex-prisoner mortality in Australia. This study subsequently aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of Australia’s National Coroners Information System (NCIS) for identifying reportable deaths among prisoners and ex-prisoners. Findings: Prisoner and ex-prisoner deaths identified through an independent search of the NCIS were compared with ‘gold standard’ records of prisoner and ex-prisoner deaths, generated from a national monitoring system and a state-based record linkage study, respectively. Of 294 known deaths in custody from 2001-2007, an independent search of the NCIS identified 229, giving a sensitivity of 77.9% (72.8%-82.3%). Of 677 known deaths among exprisoners from 2001-2007, an independent search of the NCIS identified 37, giving a sensitivity of 5.5% (4.0-7.4%). Ex-prisoner deaths that were detected were disproportionately drug-related, occurring within the first four weeks post-release, among younger prisoners and among those with more than two prior prison admissions. Conclusions: Although a search of the NCIS detected the majority of reportable deaths among prisoners, it was only able to detect a small minority of reportable deaths among ex-prisoners. This suggests that the NCIS is not effective for monitoring mortality among ex-prisoners in Australia. Given the elevated rates of mortality among exprisoners in Australia and elsewhere, there remains an urgent need to establish a process for routine monitoring of ex-prisoner mortality, preferably through record linkage.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd
dc.publisher.place10.1186/1756-0500-4-450
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom450-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto450-4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBMC Research Notes
dc.relation.ispartofvolume4
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCorrectional Theory, Offender Treatment and Rehabilitation
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiochemistry and Cell Biology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOther Medical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160202
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0601
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1199
dc.titleSensitivity of a national coronial database for monitoring unnatural deaths among ex-prisoners in Australia
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.description.notepublicPage numbers are not for citation purposes. Instead, this article has the unique article number of 450.
gro.rights.copyright© Andrews et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011. This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorKinner, Stuart A.


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