Illness Schema Activation and the Effects of Illness Seasonality on Accessibility of Implicit Illness-Related Information
MetadataShow full item record
The Common-Sense Model (CSM) of illness self-regulation is a leading theoretical framework describing the process by which an individual recognizes that he or she is physically ill and subsequently attempts to manage that illness state. The CSM proposes that people possess schematically organized implicit cognitive representations of health threats comprising information about illness such as symptoms, causes, label, duration, consequences, and procedures for managing threat [1, 2, 3, 4]. The proposed function of these stored knowledge structures is to activate a self-regulation process that might protect or restore a state of well-being . The CSM proposes that the schematic representation is centrally activated by detection of deviations from the normal functioning self (i.e., experienced symptoms). The identification of illness and the initiation of self-management attempts follow from the search for illness-relevant cognitive structures and the matching of the content of illness schema to the symptomatic experience. For example, a headache (a symptomatic deviation from normal somatic experience) might activate illness schemata containing the cognitive representation of “headache” such as “hangover,” “dehydration,” or “flu.” The matching of the symptom to a particular illness schema will follow from the search and match to other aspects of plausible illness representations, such as its probable cause or duration (timeline).
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
© 2015 Oxford University Press. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Annals of Behavioral Medicine following peer review. The version of record Illness Schema Activation and the Effects of Illness Seasonality on Accessibility of Implicit Illness-Related Information, Annals of Behavioral Medicines, Volume 49, Issue 6, Pages 918–923, 2015 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9719-y.
Cognitive Science not elsewhere classified
Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified