Crystallization kinetics and thermal stability of mechanically alloyed Al76Ni8Ti8Zr4Y4 glassy powder
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Al76Ni8Ti8Zr4Y4 glassy powder was produced by mechanical alloying process. The phase structure and the crystallization kinetics as well as the thermal stability were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) in non-isothermal mode. The glassy alloy powder shows a distinct one-stage crystallization process with a wide supercooled liquid region. Crystallization occurs by the precipitation and growth of FCC-Al, with intermetallic compound AlTi, AlTi3, Al2Y and Al3Zr. The non-isothermal crystallization kinetics is analyzed by the modified Johnson–Mehl–Avrami (JMA) equation. The values of the Avrami exponent imply that the dominating crystallization mechanism of the present glassy powder is two- or three-dimensional nucleation and growth controlled by diffusion of atoms. The present glass powder has a large supercooled liquid region (SLR) ΔTx value (86 K) and the apparent activation energy for crystallization is as high as 316 kJ/mol. The thermal stability was also evaluated by continuous transformation diagram (CHT) obtained by the extended Kissinger equation. To convince the thermal stability for a very long period of time, a quick annealing of the glassy powder at 700 K for 24 h was conducted and the related result was discussed.
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Materials Engineering not elsewhere classified