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dc.contributor.authorSeersholm, Frederik Valeur
dc.contributor.authorPedersen, Mikkel Winther
dc.contributor.authorSoe, Martin Jensen
dc.contributor.authorShokry, Hussein
dc.contributor.authorMak, Sarah Siu Tze
dc.contributor.authorRuter, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorRaghavan, Maanasa
dc.contributor.authorFitzhugh, William
dc.contributor.authorKjaer, Kurt H.
dc.contributor.authorWillerslev, Eske
dc.contributor.authorMeldgaard, Morten
dc.contributor.authorKapel, Christian M. O.
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Anders Johannes
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-28T06:12:21Z
dc.date.available2017-11-28T06:12:21Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/ncomms13389
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/172153
dc.description.abstractThe demographic history of Greenland is characterized by recurrent migrations and extinctions since the first humans arrived 4,500 years ago. Our current understanding of these extinct cultures relies primarily on preserved fossils found in their archaeological deposits, which hold valuable information on past subsistence practices. However, some exploited taxa, though economically important, comprise only a small fraction of these sub-fossil assemblages. Here we reconstruct a comprehensive record of past subsistence economies in Greenland by sequencing ancient DNA from four well-described midden deposits. Our results confirm that the species found in the fossil record, like harp seal and ringed seal, were a vital part of Inuit subsistence, but also add a new dimension with evidence that caribou, walrus and whale species played a more prominent role for the survival of Paleo-Inuit cultures than previously reported. Most notably, we report evidence of bowhead whale exploitation by the Saqqaq culture 4,000 years ago.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom13389-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto13389-9
dc.relation.ispartofjournalNature Communications
dc.relation.ispartofvolume7
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPopulation, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060411
dc.titleDNA evidence of bowhead whale exploitation by Greenlandic Paleo-Inuit 4,000 years ago
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorWillerslev, Eske


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