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dc.contributor.authorKrause, Sharon
dc.contributor.authorWare, Robert
dc.contributor.authorMcPherson, Lyn
dc.contributor.authorLennox, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorO'Callaghan, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-26T04:53:06Z
dc.date.available2017-10-26T04:53:06Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn1871-403X
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.orcp.2015.10.006
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/172241
dc.description.abstractObjective: Studies from a number of countries have indicated an increased risk of obesity in adolescents with intellectual disability. Whether risk factors for adults with intellectual disability apply to adolescents however is uncertain. This study examines obesity in a community sample of adolescents with intellectual disability in Australia, and investigates risk factors associated with obesity and overweight. Methods: A cross-sectional survey and medical record review on 261 adolescents with intellectual disability attending special education facilities in South-East Queensland, Australia between January 2006 and September 2010 was conducted. Information on age, gender, weight, height, syndrome specific diagnoses, problematic behaviours, mobility, taking psychotropic or epileptic medication, and perceived household financial difficulties was collected. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and participants categorised as normal/underweight, overweight or obese according to the International Obesity Taskforce definitions. Results: Overall 22.5% (95% CI: 17.8–28.0%) of adolescents were obese, and 23.8% (95% CI: 19.0–29.4%) were overweight, a marked increase compared to Australian norms. Adolescents with Down syndrome were more likely to be obese than other participants (odds ratio = 3.21; 95% CI: 1.41–7.30). No association was found with other risk factors examined. Conclusions: Prevalence of obesity and overweight were increased compared to general Australian adolescents. The only significant risk factor was the presence of Down syndrome. These findings reinforce the need for a health policy and practice response to obesity that is inclusive of individuals with intellectual disability.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom520
dc.relation.ispartofpageto530
dc.relation.ispartofissue5
dc.relation.ispartofjournalObesity Research and Clinical Practice
dc.relation.ispartofvolume10
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111799
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode17
dc.titleObesity in adolescents with intellectual disability: Prevalence and associated characteristics
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWare, Robert
gro.griffith.authorMcPherson, Lyn


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