Manipulation of collective optical activity in one-dimensional plasmonic assembly
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The manipulation of the chirality and corresponding optical activity in the visible–near-infrared (NIR) light region is significant to realize applications in the fields of chemical sensing, enantioselective separation, chiral nanocatalysis, and optical devices. We studied the plasmon-induced circular dichroism (CD) response by one-dimensional (1D) assembly of cysteine (CYS) and gold nanorods (GNRs). Typically, GNRs can form end-to-end assembly through the electrostatic attraction of CYS molecules preferentially attached on the ends of different GNRs. CD responses are observed at both the UV and visible–NIR light region in the 1D assembly, which are assigned to the CYS molecules and the GNRs, respectively. In addition, the wavelength of the CD responses can be manipulated from 550 nm to more than 900 nm through altering the aspect ratios of GNRs in 1D assembly. Anisotropic enhancement of optical activity is discovered, suggesting that the enhancement of the longitudinal localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) peak of GNRs in the CD response is much more apparent than that of the transverse LSPR. The CD responses of individual CYS-attached GNRs and CYS-assembled gold nanoparticles (GNPs) substantiate that the form of assembly and the shape of building blocks are significant not only for the intensity but for the line shape of the CD signals.
Nanotechnology not elsewhere classified