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dc.contributor.authorMelvin, Steven D
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Scott P
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-27T03:15:53Z
dc.date.available2018-09-27T03:15:53Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn0045-6535
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.036
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/173272
dc.description.abstractBehavioral responses have been applied for decades as tools for aquatic toxicity testing, but have received far less attention than studies assessing lethality, development or reproduction. With improved visual and non-visual assessment tools and increased knowledge of the importance of behavior for organism health and fitness, interest in behavioral analysis has increased in recent years. However, to our knowledge there has never been a quantitative assessment of the available techniques for organismal toxicity testing, so it is not clear whether behavioral studies represent valuable additions to environmental monitoring. We performed a meta-analysis comparing the relative sensitivities and average durations of behavioral studies to those assessing acute lethality, development and reproduction. Results demonstrate that the average duration of behavioral studies is consistently less than developmental or reproductive studies, and that behavioral endpoints are generally more sensitive than those assessing development or reproduction. We found effect sizes to be lower but power to be higher in behavioral and reproductive studies compared to studies assessing development, which likely relates to low sample sizes commonly used in developmental studies. Overall, we conclude that behavioral studies are comparatively fast and sensitive, and therefore warrant further attention as tools for assessing the toxicological effects of environmental contaminants. We suggest that research aimed at developing and optimizing techniques for behavioral analysis could prove extremely useful to the field of toxicology, but that future work must be directed at determining what specific behaviors are most sensitive to various classes of contaminants, and at understanding the relevance of changes to discrete behaviors for influencing organismal and population-level health and fitness.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom2217
dc.relation.ispartofpageto2223
dc.relation.ispartofissue10
dc.relation.ispartofjournalChemosphere
dc.relation.ispartofvolume93
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcological Applications not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050199
dc.titleThe utility of behavioral studies for aquatic toxicology testing: A meta-analysis
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyright© 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorMelvin, Steve D.


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