Hydrogen storage – status and prospects
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More than three decades of research have not solved the problem of storing hydrogen on board for transport fuel. Hydrogen storage therefore constitutes a major technological barrier to the hydrogen economy. The present paper considers why the problem is so tough and assesses the prospects for the two most popular storage concepts, pressurised gas storage systems and condensed materials, exemplified by lithium based complexes. It is concluded that efforts to achieve 'condensed matter' hydrogen storage are showing promise and are still vitally important because pressurised gas storage for automobiles is very unlikely to meet the targets for energy density set by the US Department of Energy.
Advances in Applied Ceramics
© 2007 Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining. Published by Maney Publishing. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version..