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dc.contributor.authorVan Fossen, Anthonyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T11:24:04Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T11:24:04Z
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.date.modified2009-02-24T22:37:41Z
dc.identifier.issn14662043en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/14662040701317477en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/18132
dc.description.abstractPacific Island tax havens have apparently collected $153,450,000 from (mostly ethnic Chinese) purchasers of passports. This paper considers the evolution of passport sales in Tonga, Samoa, the Marshall Islands, Vanuatu and Nauru and internal and international opposition to them. Tension exists between different conceptions of citizenship within the world-system. Sales reflect classical liberal, individualistic, free market conceptions of citizenship. Opponents invoke both conservative and democratic conceptions of citizenship. This paper favours democratic solutions to many problems sales create. Sales schemes involve secrecy and corruption which attenuates following exposure by media, opposition politicians, watchdogs and crusaders against international terrorism. Pacific Island havens currently have no legal, official passport sales schemes, but this paper demonstrates that sales probably continue.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent158575 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherRoutledgeen_US
dc.publisher.placeOxfordshire, UKen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/14662043.aspen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom138en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto163en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue2en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCommonwealth and Comparative Politicsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume45en_US
dc.rights.retentionNen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode369999en_US
dc.titleCitizenship for Sale: Passports of Convenience from Pacific Island Tax Havensen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciencesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2007 Taylor & Francis. This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version.en_AU
gro.date.issued2007
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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