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dc.contributor.authorJunger, Marianne
dc.contributor.authorFeder, Lynette
dc.contributor.authorClay, Joy
dc.contributor.authorCote, Sylvana
dc.contributor.authorFarrington, David
dc.contributor.authorFreiberg, Kate
dc.contributor.authorGenoves, Vicente Garrido
dc.contributor.authorHomel, Ross
dc.contributor.authorLosel, Friedrich
dc.contributor.authorManning, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorMazerolle, Paul
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Rob
dc.contributor.authorSchmucker, Martin
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorSutton, Carole
dc.contributor.authorvan Yperen, Tom
dc.contributor.authorTremblay, Richard
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-10T03:40:18Z
dc.date.available2017-07-10T03:40:18Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.date.modified2010-08-30T07:02:34Z
dc.identifier.issn0928-1371en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10610-007-9053-4en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/18156
dc.description.abstractDo governments take the measures that are supported by the best scientific evidence available? We present a brief review of the situation in: Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Our findings show surprisingly similar developments across countries. While all seven countries are moving towards evidence-based decision making regarding policies and programs to prevent violence, there remain a number of difficulties before this end can be achieved. For example, there continue to be few randomized controlled trials or rigorous quasi-experimental studies on aggression and violence. Results from experimental research are essential to both policy makers and researchers to determine the effectiveness of programs as well as increase our knowledge of the problem. Additionally, all noted that media attention for violence is high in their country, often leading to management by crisis with the result that policies are not based on evidence, but instead seek to appease public outrage. And perhaps because of attendant organizational problems (i.e., in many countries violence prevention was not under the guise of one particular agency or ministry), most have not developed a coordinated policy focusing on the prevention of violence and physical aggression. It is hypothesized that leaders in democratic countries, who must run for election every 4 to 6 years, may feel a need to focus on short-term planning rather than long-term preventive policies since the costs, but not the benefits for the latter would be incurred while they still served in office. We also noted a general absence of expertise beyond those within scientific circles. The need for these ideas to be more widely accepted will be an essential ingredient to real and sustaining change. This means that there must be better communication and increased understanding between researchers and policy makers. Toward those ends, the recent establishment of the Campbell Collaboration, formed to provide international systematic reviews of program effectiveness, will make these results more available and accessible to politicians, administrators and those charged with making key policy decisions.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom327en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto356en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue3-4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Researchen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume13en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode399999en_US
dc.titlePreventing violence in seven countries: Global convergence in policiesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.description.versionPublisheden_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright The Author(s) 2011. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en_US
gro.date.issued2007
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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