Examining the Relationships between Leisure Constraints, Involvement and Attitudinal Loyalty among Greek Recreational Skiers
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This study aimed at identifying the main constraints that limit recreational skiers' participation in skiing activities, and examined the relationships among leisure constraints, skiing involvement and skiing loyalty. The study used a theoretical framework of leisure constraints, and data were collected from one hundred and ninety (n 190) Greek recreational skiers. An exploratory factor analysis of the constraints scale used revealed the presence of five constraint dimensions: ''skiing experience'', ''psychological constraints'', ''time'', ''finance/accessibility'' and ''lack of partners''. The analysis indicated that constraints significantly influenced both involvement and loyalty. In addition, the involvement facets of centrality and attraction significantly influenced skiing loyalty. These results have theoretical implications in terms of the role of leisure constraints on predicting attitudinal aspects of participation, and practical implications for resort managers.
European Sport Management Quarterly