Temporal asymmetry of fluctuations in nonequilibrium steady states: Links with correlation functions and nonlinear response
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The presence of temporal asymmetries in fluctuation paths of nonequilibrium systems has recently been confirmed numerically in nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of particular deterministic systems. Here we show that this is a common feature of homogeneously driven and thermostatted, reversible, deterministic, chaotic, nonequilibrium systems of interacting particles. This is done by expressing fluctuation paths as correlation functions. The theoretical arguments look rather general, and we expect them to easily extend to other forms of driving and thermostats. The emergence of asymmetry is also justified using the transient time correlation function expression of nonlinear response theory. Numerical simulations are used to verify our arguments.
The Journal of Chemical Physics
© 2008 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2894471