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dc.contributor.authorKlieve, Helenen_US
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorDe Leo, Diegoen_US
dc.contributor.editorP Bebbington (Editor-in-Chief)en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T11:39:26Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T11:39:26Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.modified2010-09-24T06:49:06Z
dc.identifier.issn14339285en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00127-008-0435-9en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/22443
dc.description.abstractBackground Observed reductions in firearm suicides in Australia have been linked to the 1997 national firearms agreement (NFA) introduced following the 1996 Port Arthur massacre. The NFA placed strong access restrictions on firearms. Aims To assess the impact of legislative restrictions on the incidence of firearm suicide in Queensland and explore alternative or contributory factors behind observed declines. Method The Queensland suicide register (QSR) provided detailed information on all male suicides in Queensland (1990-2004), with additional data for Australia (1968-2004) accessed from other official sources. Trends in suicide rates pre/post NFA, and in method selection, were assessed using negative binomial regressions. Changing method selection patterns were examined using a cohort analysis of 5 years of age classes for Australian males. Results The observed reduction in firearms suicides was initiated prior to the 1997 introduction of the NFA in Queensland and Australia, with a clear decline observed in Australian figures from 1988. No significant difference was found in the rate pre/post the introduction of the NFA in Queensland; however, a significant difference was found for Australian data, the quality of which is noticeably less satisfactory. A marked age-difference in method choice was observed through a cohort analysis demonstrating both time and age influences. Within sequential birth cohorts, rates of firearms suicides decreased in younger males but increased in hanging suicides; this trend was far less marked in older males. Conclusions The implemented restrictions may not be responsible for the observed reductions in firearms suicide. Data suggest that a change in social and cultural attitudes could have contributed to the shift in method preference.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherSteinkopffen_US
dc.publisher.placeBerlin, Germanyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom285en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto292en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue5en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume44en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode321204en_US
dc.titleControlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Education and Professional Studiesen_US
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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