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dc.contributor.authorHerat, Sunilen_US
dc.contributor.editorJack T Trevors (Editor-in-Chief), Peter G Kevan (Editor-in-Chief)en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-24T09:59:24Z
dc.date.available2017-04-24T09:59:24Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.modified2010-08-30T07:01:19Z
dc.identifier.issn02511088en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10669-007-9144-2en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/22540
dc.description.abstractManagement of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) or e-waste is becoming a major issue as around 20 to 50 million tonnes such waste is generated worldwide and increasing at a higher rate other solid waste streams. Electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) contains over 1000 materials of which brominated flame retardants (BFRs) such as polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been the target of the regulators forcing manufacturers to adopt halogen free flame retardants. As far as these alternatives are concerned key consideration should be its performance during the whole life cycle through design, use and end-of-life management. Global halogen free flame retardant movement has reached a point of no return. The most important issue as far as the environment is concerned, for which the transformation to halogen free retardants was initially targeted, is to make sure that life span of the EEE using the alternatives to BFRs is not shortened thereby resulting in unforeseen increase in e-waste to deal with. The aim of this paper is to investigate the environmental issues and current developments related to the use of BFRs in EEE manufacture. It describes the sources, toxicity and human exposure of BFRs, EOL management such as recycling and thermal treatments, exposure of BFRs from e-waste processing facilities and the environment around them and examines the developments and feasibility of the alternatives to BFR in EEE manufacture.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent80739 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLCen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom348en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto357en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalThe environmentalist: the international journal for all environmental professionalsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume28en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode291199en_US
dc.titleEnvironmental impacts and use of brominated flame retardants in electrical and electronic equipmenten_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Engineeringen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2008 Springer-Verlag. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.comen_AU
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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