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dc.contributor.authorChan, Andrew Yiu-chungen_US
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGolding, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKing, G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGore, W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCohen, D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHawas, O.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStelcer, E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDenison, L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, N.en_US
dc.contributor.editorHoward Bridgmanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T13:00:03Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T13:00:03Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.modified2009-12-09T07:39:34Z
dc.identifier.issn14442841en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/22576
dc.description.abstractSource apportionment of the 6-daily, 24 h volatile organic compound (VOC) samples collected during 2003-2004 in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane was carried out using the Positive Matrix Factorisation software (PMF2). Fourteen C4-C10 VOCs were chosen for source apportionment. Biogenic emissions were not covered in this study because tracer VOCs such as isoprene were not measured. Five VOC source factors were identified, including the 'evaporative / fuel distribution' factor (contribute to 37% of the total mass of the 14 VOCs on average), the 'vehicle exhaust / petrochemical industry' factor (24%), the 'biomass burning' factor (13%), the 'architectural surface coatings' factor (5%) and the 'other sources' factor (14%). The relative contributions of the source factors to the ambient VOC concentration at the sampling sites were comparable to the relative emission loads of the local sources in Australian air emission inventories. The high contribution from evaporative emissions indicates that introduction of reduction measures for evaporative emissions could substantially reduce the VOC emissions in Australian cities. The total VOC mass and the contributions from vehicle related sources and biomass burning were higher in winter and autumn, while the contributions from surface coatings were higher in summer.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent128773 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherClean Air Society of Australia & New Zealanden_US
dc.publisher.placeAustraliaen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.casanz.org.au/en_AU
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom22en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto29en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue2en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalClean Air and Environmental Qualityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume42en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode300899en_US
dc.titleSource apportionment of ambient volatile organic compounds in major cities in Australia by positive matrix factorisationen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2008 CASANZ. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_AU
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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