The stereocontrolled total synthesis of altohyrtin A/spongistatin 1: the CD-spiroacetal segment
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Stereocontrolled syntheses of the C16-C28 CD-spiroacetal subunit of altohyrtin A/spongistatin 1 (1), relying on kinetic and thermodynamic control of the spiroacetal formation, are described. The kinetic control approach resulted in a slight preference (60:40) for the desired spiroacetal isomer. The thermodynamic approach allowed ready access to the desired spiroacetal 2 by acid promoted equilibration, chromatographic separation of the C23 epimers and resubjection of the undesired isomer to the equilibration conditions. This scalable synthetic sequence provided multi-gram quantities of 2, thus enabling the successful completion of the total synthesis of altohyrtin A/spongistatin 1, as reported in Part 4 of this series.
Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry